Thursday, April 8, 2010

ENLIVEN Rehabilitation Centre

Rehabilitation Centre is specialized in the field of Ergonomics, Repetitive Starin Injury, Sports Injury Rehabilitation.

And also we offer various corporate wellness programs.

Our mission statement is to provide the best services in the field of Ergonomics, physiotherapy and rehabilitation to all ages with our multi-disciplinary team that is experienced with a variety of health care needs. Our care will encompass the present problems as well as the injury prevention measures. Our services will remain cost-effective and available to people from all backgrounds. Our main goal is to guarantee optimal care while adapting to the needs and satisfaction of our clients.

The Corporate wellness programs includes:

Pre-employment screening programs to help you prevent injuries
Ergonomic Assessments
Onsite Physio Clinic for the Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI).
Osteoporosis awareness programs
Wellness Workshops:
Ergonomics Training Program
Prevent the Back Pain
Office Yoga
Onsite fitness program
Manual Handling
Stop the pain before its stop you!
Healthy Women program

Thursday, April 1, 2010

Enliven Rehabilitation Centre

Enliven Rehabilitation Centre: "Enliven Rehabilitation Centre provides Ergonomics"

Thursday, January 14, 2010

Importance of Ergonomics

Definition of Ergonomics:
Ergononimics defined as the scientific study of the relationship between man and his working environment. The primary aims of ergonomics is to optimize the functioning of a system by adapting it to human capacities and needs. Ergonomics is a Scientifically Based Discipline which integrates knowledge delivered from many sciences.

Why Ergonomics?
A stone-age human in an environment using a flint stone as a knife could modify the shape of the stone fitting the hand and task. Today, a product might be designed in one country, manufactured in the second country, purchased by a wholesaler (buyer) in the third country and used by a customer in the fourth country. The designer might not know who are the end users and the buyer cannot influence the design of the product. Ergonomics is the only link between these four actors.

The Scope of Ergonomics
The scope of Ergonomics is extremely wide and is not limited to any particular industry or application. Ergonomics comes into everything which involves people. Work systems, sports and leisure, health and safety should all embody ergonomics principles if well designed. The ability of people to do their job is influenced by the person's capabilities (physical and mental), the job demand (physical and mental) and the condition (physical and organizational environment) under which the person is carrying out the job.

The Objectives of the Ergonomics is to enhance the effectiveness with which work and other human activities are carried out and to maintain or enhance certain desirable human values in the process, health, safety, satisfaction etc.,

The aim of ergonomics is to enhance and preserve human health and satisfaction and to optimize the human performance in a system perspective. Ergonomics is concerned with both employees’ well-being as well as organization well-being. Ergonomics aims to ensure that human needs for safe and efficient working are met in the design of work systems. The key words are; health, comfort and performance.

It seems safe to predict continued growth in the areas established during the short history of human factors. However, computers and the application of computer technology to just about everything are keeping a lot of ergonomists busy.
This is what sometimes is referred as Cognitive Ergonomics, being perhaps one of the most rapidly growing areas in the Human Factors field. It is hoped that in the future human factors will become more involved and recognized for its contribution to the quality of life and work. Human Factors, for example, could play a greater role in improving the quality of life and work in Industrially Developing Countries (IDCs). However, it is important to recognize that Ergonomics and Human Factors developments in IDCs can not go in hand with the developments that have been taking place in developed countries. The needs in IDCs ought to be different, therefore ergonomic developments and trends should not be seen going through the same development path. In IDCs ergonomics is an essential means of assuring the efficient use of the labor force, and can help to make best use of technological resources through optimizing the application of existing and the new or transferred technology to the benefit of the local user population and the operating environment. Many current problems in IDCs such as high rate of accident and injuries, low productivity and work quality can be improved through ergonomic input.

The Roles of the Machine and the Human:
Controlling machines was not a very significant problem until recently. Technological development resulted in more elaborated controls and higher output, with the consequent need for more accurate interpretation of the information displayed. This made operator's task more complex and demanding and as a result of that, the 'human factor' in such system became increasingly important for making safer and more efficient systems.

Factors to be considered:
1. Accident frequency and severity: jobs where accidents occur frequently or where they occur infrequently but result in disabling injuries.
2. Potential for severe injuries or illnesses.
3. Newly established jobs: due to lack of experience in these jobs, workplace contributing factors may not be evident or anticipated.
4. Modified jobs: new workplace contributing factors may be associated with changes in job procedures.
5. Infrequently performed jobs: workers may be at greater risk when undertaking non-routine jobs, and EWA provides a means of reviewing workplace contributing factors.

Last but not the least

"Good ergonomics is good economy
Happy workforce make a happy bottom line"

Friday, August 1, 2008

Repetitive Strain Injury(RSI)

RSI is an umbrella term used to describe a collection of overuse disorders ( eg. computer, guitar or knife, or other activity that requires repeated movements) that affect the muscles, tendons, fascia, and neurovascular structures typically in the neck, back, and upper limbs, though virtually any part of the body including head, jaw, chest, eyes, and legs can get affected.
It is also called Computer Related Injury(CRI), Occupational overuse syndrome, or Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorder(WMSD).

Who are all in Risk groups?
Computer workers
Mechanical Tool workers
Teachers and sports persons....

Contributing factors

Work environment
The lighting in a workplace may be too dark or too bright for work task. This may result in employees assuming awkward postures to accomplish work tasks and a loss of product quality.
An employer should be aware of the amount of time in a workday that employees spend performing physically demanding or repetitive tasks. Both the total time per work shift and the length of uninterrupted periods of work can be significant in contributing to problems.
Awkward Postures
Posture affects which muscle groups are active during physical activity. Awkward postures can make work tasks more physically demanding by increasing the exertion required from smaller muscle groups and preventing the stronger, larger muscle groups from working at maximum efficiency.
Repetitive motions
In repetitive work the same types of motions are performed over and over again using the same muscles, tendons, or joints. The amount of repetition can be affected by the pace of work, the recovery time provided (i.e., number and length of breaks), and the amount of variety in work tasks. Forceful Exertions
Force is the amount of muscular effort expended to perform work. Exerting large amounts of force can result in fatigue and physical damage to the body.
Pressure points
Pressure points result from the body pressing against hard or sharp surfaces(e.g., resting the arm on arm rest while typing, and resting the wrist on hard surface). Breaks
For RSI rest and recovery is the most important factor. Flexibility is major factor for muscle tightness and other muscle injuries.

Discomfort, fatigue or pain.
Swelling, redness, coldness or warmth.
Stiffness, radiating pain, burning sensation, tingling, numbness.
Loss of grip, weakness, heaviness, headache

Physical therapy- Deep tissue massage, nerve mobilization, joint mobilization, stretching, hot/cold packs, free exercises.
Ergonomic modification of work place
Alexander technique

Self Help Measures:
sitting in correct and erect posture with back support while working.
maintaining good ergonomic principles.
Frequent Breaks- every 30-40minutes of work.
Regular stretching and free exercises.

Friday, February 8, 2008

Things You Should Know About Back Pain

  1. Back pain is as mystifying today as it was decades ago. Despite exellent tests and procedures, modern back specialists admit that up to 80% of all cases have no clear physiological cause. In fact, many pain-free people show bulging or herniated discs in X-rays.
  2. Also, despite everything we know about back pain, 90% of us are going to have a disabling episode at some point in our lives.
  3. It is difficult to predict which individual person will develop back pain. Strength, fitness, and back X-rays are not goot predictors. One major study concluded that the only predictors were 1) whether the person has had back pain before, 2) whether the person smokes cigarattes.
  4. On the other hand, job characteristics are predictors of back pain. Jobs with heavy or frequent lifting are high risk, as are jobs involving prolonged standing or sitting.
  5. There is little agreement on how to do lifting with little risk. Lifting with the legs is easy on the back, but hard on the legs and muscles. Lifting with the back puts strain on the discs but is less fatiguing.
  6. So-called 'back belts' have not proven to strengthen backs or prevent back problems. On one hand, they may help remind wearers to lift carefully. On the other hand, they may give wearers a false sense of greater strength, encouraging them to lift more than they should.
  7. People who sit for long periods are at risk for back disorders. The two greatest problems seem to be sitting upright or forward and not changing position.
  8. An upright posture with a ninety-degree hip position is unhealthy, from the perspective of the intervertebral discs. For a number of reasons, the discs experience more pressure and the pressure is more lopsided than while standing. So it's a good idea to sit with the hip joints somewhat straightened.
  9. All sitters should move around. in addition to helping the muscles relax and recover, this alternately squeezes and unsqueezes the intervertebral discs. Discs stay plumber and, in the long run, healthier.
  10. The most important chair adjustments are i) Seat height from the floor - the feet should be able to rest flat on the floor ii) Depth from the front of the seat to the back rest- sitters should be able to use the backrest without any pressure behind the knees. iii) Lumbar support height- every person is shaped differently.
  11. The 'properchair adjustments and chair posture are greatly influnced by the rest of the work area. In particular, the eyes can affect posture, especially if the work material is too far, low or high. Hand position can also affect body position, particularly the posture of the upper back and neck.
  12. Upper back and neck discomfort is often related to upward viewing angles or leaning, twisting, or reaching.
  13. For people with existing, chronic, difficult back pain: all the above rules are optional, because each back pain case is different. Rules for prevention of back pain or treatment of medium- level cases may be completely inappropriate for individual cases of severe back pain. Before accepting any advice, trust the "advice" of your own body's discomfort reactions.